The great fly fishing divide

A lot of anglers are wading off in opposing directions
spring creek anglers walking pickup truck
Photo: Chad Shmukler

A troublesome divide has been growing more and more apparent in the fly fishing sphere. This shift may well stem from the unprecedented craziness we’ve all dealt with over the last year and a half. It might also spring, at least in part, from the increase in the number of fly fishers who have no experience with a spinning rod or a bait-casting rig, or the fact that so many of us engage on social media, or our burgeoning focus on species other than trout. Whatever the case, it sure seems as if a lot of anglers are wading off in opposing directions.

Let’s start at the beginning. The largest divide in our sport rests squarely on the letter Q. On one side are folks who concentrate on the quality of the experience. Whether they focus on the challenge of fly fishing, or the healing power of nature, or the intrinsic joy of good fly casting, or the beauty of the great outdoors, or the adventure of wilderness fly fishing, or the excitement of watching a big Henry’s Fork rainbow rise to the surface — or something else entirely — doesn’t really matter. While these folks may experience the world through different lenses, and aspire towards different goals, they understand that fly fishing provides something truly special; something that’s hard to find with other angling methods and other types of tackle.

Whatever their personal differences, they’re united in their search for a quality experience. I’ve mentioned the “qualitative” branch of fly fishing in the past, and noted that I count myself among its many adherents.

On the other side of the “Q” divide — the other side of the coin, if you will — are anglers who emphasize quantity. As in numbers and size. People who walk the quantitative path have decided, sometimes consciously and sometimes not, that the clarity of quantitative analysis makes everything simpler, easier and more enjoyable. As a consequence, “more” and “bigger” are always better. That’s an immutable truth on the quantitative side, as is the belief that the game isn’t worth playing if we don’t keep score.

As a life-long sports fan, where statistics are vital and we measure our heroes with batting averages and points-per-game and touchdown passes thrown, I certainly understand the allure of numbers. That said, I should probably point out the obvious. The quantitative crowd is putting itself at a severe disadvantage when it comes to fly fishing.

Think of it like this. Anyone who hopes to maximize the size of their fish, or the numbers that they catch, diminishes their odds by choosing fly tackle. Skilled anglers will almost always catch more trout (or tarpon, or permit, or bass, or pike, or salmon) with gear or bait, and they’ll have an easier time of it as well.

In fact, the one time when fly fishing improves our odds — the only one I can think of — is when we fish for rising trout. A fly rod with a floating fly line is the most effective way to present small or medium-sized dry flies to trout feeding on the surface. Outside of that one narrow niche, though, our angling is easier and more productive if we opt for bait or lures. So why would someone fixated on catching more fish, or bigger fish, or more and bigger fish, consciously choose to handicap themselves with a fly rod? That’s a tough one for me to understand.

I’m also curious why so many folks who focus on fish size or numbers dismiss the importance of the overall angling experience. Why not simply accept that others have different priorities? And why the ever-increasing acrimony towards people who focus on quality rather than quantity?

As fly fishing continues to shift further into the mainstream of American life, it feels as if we’re losing certain core values that have long set our sport apart from other forms of angling. I wish it were otherwise but I’m seeing this shift in perception and behavior on an almost daily basis — both in conversations with other fishermen and in online fly fishing forums. Rather than simply accepting the current trend as inevitable, though, I’ll share a couple of relevant points.

The first is that we are individuals and it’s okay to view the world through our own unique lens. There’s no rule that says we all have to experience fly fishing in the same way or conform to someone else’s expectations.

The second is that it’s okay for fly fishing, and fly casting, to be forms of self-expression. In fact, I’ll go even further and state that our fishing and our casting should reflect our personalities and our idiosyncrasies.

The third is that there’s really only one reason to fish with a fly rod — and that’s to have fun. Which, when you think about it, requires a little introspection. If we want to walk away happy, then we need to know which paths, of the myriad available to us, lead directly to enjoyment.

If that last statement needs further translation, just keep in mind that there are a ton of options at our fingertips. We can focus on the joy inherent in good fly casting, or on the beauty and serenity of nature. We can search for rising rainbows or difficult-to-find species like permit or musky. We can opt for simplicity or complexity; solitude or companionship; home waters or exotic destinations; rivers or lakes; fresh water or salt; dry flies, nymphs, streamers or wet flies; surface or sub-surface; tight line or slack; little fish or big; more or fewer.

The options are, if not endless, then certainly vast. At the same time, our ultimate success depends on our ability to chart a course towards whatever form of angling is most likely to make us smile. As Socrates once said, “to know thyself is the beginning of wisdom.” Or to quote a more recent sage — Lucille Ball — “it's a helluva start, being able to recognize what makes you happy."


I see it as less of a divide and more of a maturation process. For those of us lucky enough to have fly-fished for multiple decades, we've all probably lived this: catch any fish --> catch lots of fish --> catch bigger fish ---> quality of experience.

I think you're observing folks caught at different stages of this maturation process and assuming there's a 'divide'.

We should recognize that this process is pretty inevitable. And provide interesting content for folks at each stage of the journey-- likely focusing on beginners (can I catch ANY fish?) and then veterans who care about quality of experience (as they live for this and spend $ on it and are interesting in continuing to learn).

I totally agree with Mac Howell. As an older angler, who just became a fly fishing addict, I'm in awe when I catch a fish with a fly. It's the same maturation process with any style of fishing really. I do think some of use skip stages and arrive at the appreciation of the experience level more quickly. Must be a product of age.

“ In fact, the one time when fly fishing improves our odds — the only one I can think of — is when we fish for rising trout. A fly rod with a floating fly line is the most effective way to present small or medium-sized dry flies to trout feeding on the surface. Outside of that one narrow niche, though, our angling is easier and more productive if we opt for bait or lures.”

Strongly disagree here, I think fly fishing when you know what you’re doing and the appropriate lines, leaders, flies, and presentation is in many instances superior to and more productive than gear or bait. I out fish live bait with the fly pursuing Lingcod consistently, one of many examples I could provide.

So many issue have sprung in recent years, a combination of COVID, social media and wreckless society that doesn’t feel it accept to have varied experiences from one person to the next. As a sales rep and guide, I feel that both Qs are important for may folks. Getting new anglers into fly fishing is certainly easier when you have numbers of fish and nonstop action all day. But it rarely can be that way 100% of the time. I love a challenge and big fish, but they become my Quest- to chase from year to year. I truly feel we need to be more acceptable in our pursuit of outdoor experience, without prejudice toward another angler. Cheers & Tight lines!

This is good, I truly enjoyed it...with one caveat...

Like most of what's written about fly fishing, it's more trout-focused than I'd like to see.

Other than a brief mention of a few other parentheses...that's what it seems to be about.

There's a whole world in fly any kind of fishing...beyond trout, and many anglers would like to see more if that...

Respectfully, I don't think this divide exists at all. And if it does, it's of no consequence. The divide which does exist in fly fishing is science vs. climate deniers. As I write, Spencer Durant currently edits MidCurrent. On his personal webpage is a podcast disparaging the climate crisis. Don't believe me? Listen for yourself. As long as propagandists like this have a platform for their voice as a 'fly fishing authority' the sport is in grave danger. Did I also mention he's never shared an insightful tip as well in fly fishing? He's batting 0.