The long awaited final scientific assessment of the potential impacts from large-scale mining in the Bristol Bay region of Alaska was released earlier this week by the United States Environmental Protection Agency. The pictured painted by the assessment is a grim one for the salmon of Bristol Bay, the ecosystem they drive and the native cultures and modern economies that depend on their survival and abundance.
The assessment states unequivocally that construction of a mine such as Pebble Mine, under the most extensive mining scenario, would result in the total loss of 94 miles of salmon-producing streams simply by virtue of the footprint required for mining operations to take place. Also resulting from the mine footprint would be streamflow alterations over 20 percent or more in 33 miles of streams and the loss of almost 5,000 acres of crucial wetland habitat.
The report goes on to detail a litany of additional negative impacts that could result from mining operations in the region, the majority of which are described by the report as "expected" or "likely" due to comparisons with the history of existing, similar mining operations. Detailed are impacts resulting from leakage during routine operations, wastewater treatment plant failures, spillway releases, culvert failures, pipeline failures, tailings dam failures, truck accidents and more.
In a press release issued in response to the EPA's release of its final assessment, Trout Unlimited is calling for "immediate action", requesting that the Obama administration use its power under the Clean Water Act to put a permanent stop to plans for mining in the Bristol Bay region. Doing so would require that the EPA issue a what is typically referred to as a 404(c) veto, through which the EPA could block operations deemed harmful to the Bristol Bay watershed in advance of an official permit application by mining interests. According to Trout Unlimited, and other proponents of EPA action to block mining in Bristol Bay, the final scientific assessment provides indisputable grounds for the EPA provide as justification for leveraging the powers provided to it by section 404(c) of the Clean Water Act.
Chris Wood, president and CEO of Trout Unlimited, stated that "The science is indisputable. Bristol Bay is the world’s most important wild salmon fishery, and no place for a large-scale industrial mine. The EPA has done its job, and it’s now time for the Obama administration to use its authority under the Clean Water Act to stop the mine and protect the $1.5 billion-per-year fishery.”